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Accessibility Tips for Cognitive Impairment       

General techniques for supporting cognitive disability

Allow user control of display: all messages and alerts stay on screen until they are dismissed.

Other products

Accessibility tips specific to Dyslexia

Affects 10% of population

General traits

  • Weak STM

  • Problems dealing with information in sequence

  • Problems presenting material in logical way

  • Poor organisation 

  • Difficulty working under pressure 

  • Difficulty extracting sense from written material 

  • Difficulty recalling right word when speaking and substituting words


Many dyslexics are good at lateral thinking and solving problems and have intuitive grasp of how things work 

They are renowned for their display of originality and creativity 

Some reading techniques adopted by dyslexics: 

  • Tracking along screen with finger 

  • Use text reading software and headphones 

  • Use speech recognition

Spatial dyslexia 

  • Lacks sense of direction 

  • Navigation problems 

  • Orientation problems 

  • Possible link with migraine

Word and Number Dyslexia 

  • Difficulty naming word but knows meaning 

  • Difficulty working out meaning 

  • Jumbles letters  or numbers up 

  • Low STM memory span


Dyscalculia - a mathematical disability in which a person has unusual difficulty solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts.

Dysgraphia - a neurological-based writing disability in which a person finds it hard to form letters or write within a defined space.

  See for more on recording for cognitive disability and dyslexia.

Links of Interest for Dyslexia


Accessibility issues for autism

Types of Autism

Useful Links for autism

Designing for Autism recommendation (SPELL)
tructure that is logical e.g. closely linked to usage scenarios/user expectations
ositive Imagery and reflection of autism
ow arousal by reduction of animation, movies, flashing etc


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